rabbitmq(5)订阅模式

1、模型

一个生产者绑定一个交换机,每个消费者绑定一个队列。生产者将消息通过交换器分发给所有在线的消费者。
交换机没有消息存储的能力,只能向当前在线的消费者发送消息。因此未接收到消息的消费者,即使重新连接rabbitmq也无法获取到已发送的消息

这里写图片描述

订阅模式与普通队列的区别:

  1. 普通队列中生产者发送的消息只能有一个消费者接受到;订阅模式中生产者发送的消息会被所有在线的消费者接收到;
  2. 普通队列中生产者消息会被储存,即使消费者没有成功接受到消息,重新上线后也可以重新收到该消息;订阅模式中生产者消息不会被储存;

    2、代码

    2.1、生产者

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    private final static String EXCHANGE_NAME = "test_exchange";

    @Test
    public void testSend() throws Exception {
    ConnectionFactory factory = new ConnectionFactory();
    factory.setHost("192.168.1.7");
    factory.setUsername("root");
    factory.setPassword("123456");

    Connection connection = factory.newConnection();
    Channel channel = connection.createChannel();

    /*
    * 申明交换机, fanout:分发
    * 交换机没有消息存储的能力,只能向当前在线的消费者发送消息
    * 未接收到消息的消费者,即使重新连接rabbitmq也无法获取到已发送的消息
    */
    channel.exchangeDeclare(EXCHANGE_NAME, "fanout");

    String message = "Hello world";
    channel.basicPublish(EXCHANGE_NAME, "", null, message.getBytes());
    System.out.println(" [1] Sent '" + message + "'");

    channel.close();
    connection.close();
    }

2.2、消费者1

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private final static String EXCHANGE_NAME = "test_exchange";

public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
ConnectionFactory factory = new ConnectionFactory();
factory.setHost("192.168.1.7");
factory.setUsername("root");
factory.setPassword("123456");

Connection connection = factory.newConnection();
final Channel channel = connection.createChannel();

channel.exchangeDeclare(EXCHANGE_NAME, "fanout");
String queueName = channel.queueDeclare().getQueue();
// 绑定队列到交换机转发器
channel.queueBind(queueName, EXCHANGE_NAME, "");

System.out.println(" [1] Waiting for messages. To exit press CTRL+C");
Consumer consumer = new DefaultConsumer(channel) {
@Override
public void handleDelivery(String consumerTag, Envelope envelope, AMQP.BasicProperties properties,
byte[] body) throws IOException {
String message = new String(body, "UTF-8");
System.out.println(" [1] Received '" + message + "'");

channel.basicAck(envelope.getDeliveryTag(), false);
}
};
boolean autoAck = false;
channel.basicConsume(queueName, autoAck, consumer);
}

2.2、消费者2

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private final static String EXCHANGE_NAME = "test_exchange";

public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
ConnectionFactory factory = new ConnectionFactory();
factory.setHost("192.168.1.7");
factory.setUsername("root");
factory.setPassword("123456");

Connection connection = factory.newConnection();
final Channel channel = connection.createChannel();

channel.exchangeDeclare(EXCHANGE_NAME, "fanout");
String queueName = channel.queueDeclare().getQueue();
// 绑定队列到交换机转发器
channel.queueBind(queueName, EXCHANGE_NAME, "");

System.out.println(" [2] Waiting for messages. To exit press CTRL+C");
Consumer consumer = new DefaultConsumer(channel) {
@Override
public void handleDelivery(String consumerTag, Envelope envelope, AMQP.BasicProperties properties,
byte[] body) throws IOException {
String message = new String(body, "UTF-8");
System.out.println(" [2] Received '" + message + "'");

channel.basicAck(envelope.getDeliveryTag(), false);
}
};
boolean autoAck = false;
channel.basicConsume(queueName, autoAck, consumer);
}